• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Finally, you can manage your Google Docs, uploads, and email attachments (plus Dropbox and Slack files) in one convenient place. Claim a free account, and in less than 2 minutes, Dokkio (from the makers of PBworks) can automatically organize your content for you.



This version was saved 10 years, 2 months ago View current version     Page history
Saved by Pierre PLUYE
on January 25, 2011 at 6:52:30 pm

Welcome to the public wiki 'Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool'


This is a real workspace!  Please invite others to use this workspace with you.

 WIKI tips

 Comments & suggestions can be added at the bottom of each page (comment box) and longer comments can be added by clicking here


Objective: To enable collaborative work for developing a Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT).


MMAT permits to quickly appraise the methodological quality of the three methodological domains of mixed methods research: mixed, qualitative and quantitative. The current pilot version is intended to be used as a checklist for concomitantly appraising and/or describing studies included in systematic mixed studies reviews (reviews including original qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies).


There are general criteria for planning, designing and reporting mixed methods research, but there is no consensus on key specific criteria for appraising the methodological quality of mixed methods studies. Therefore, while MMAT is helpful for the appraisal stage of complex systematic mixed studies reviews, it must be used with caution. For instance, you may state:


The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (http://mixedmethodsappraisaltoolpublic.pbworks.com):

  • Designed for systematic reviews that include qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies;
  • Efficient as it allows to use one tool for concomitantly appraising all types of empirical studies;
  • For mixed methods studies: Appraisal of qualitative, quantitative and mixed methodological domains;
  • Content validity based on a literature review, and inter-rater reliability tested;
  • Undergoing further validation work.


You may cite this WIKI as follows. Pluye, P. (2011). Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool: A public WIKI workspace. Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. http://mixedmethodsappraisaltoolpublic.pbworks.com Archived by WebCite® at http://www.webcitation.org/5tTRTc9yJ


Limitations: MMAT is not a guidance for writing and reporting mixed methods studies such as GRAMMS 'Good Reporting of a Mixed Methods Study' (O'Cathain et al., 2008), and does not permit a comprehensive evaluation of mixed methods studies such as the conceptual framework proposed by O'Cathain (in press).


The development of the current pilot version of MMAT is supported by a project called ‘Content Validity, Usability and Reliability of a Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT)’ (including workshops, presentations and grant application).



Reference: Pluye et al. (2009). A proposal for concomitantly appraising qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods primary studies included in systematic mixed studies reviews. 37th NAPCRG Annual Conference, Montreal, Canada.


  • Initial version

 Pluye P, Gagnon MP, Griffiths F & Johnson-Lafleur J (2009). A scoring system for appraising mixed methods research, and concomitantly appraising qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods primary studies in mixed studies reviews. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46(4):529-546. 



  • O'Cathain, A., Murphy, E., & Nicholl, J. (2008). The quality of mixed methods studies in health services research. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 13(2), 92-98.
  • O'Cathain, A. (in press). Assessing the quality of mixed methods research: towards a comprehensive framework. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks: Sage.


Need Help? We're here for you:

  • The PBworks Manual and 30-second training videos can help show you how to edit, add videos and invite users.
  • The best way to get your support questions answered is to click the help link at the top of this page. Our support gurus will get back to you asap. 


Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.